The life and military career of general antonio lopez santa anna

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He had left Mexico due to his unpopularity with the Mexican people after his defeat in and traveled to and from Cuba, the United States, and Europe. The same year at Tampico he took the surrender of a small yellow fever -ridden Spanish force from Cuba which had attempted to invade Mexico.

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As a result, new settlers were not allowed there. Inwar broke out between Mexico and the United States. InSanta Anna was promoted to captain. He was first elected president inturning his office into a dictatorship the following year.

The political situation in the late s and early s was more chaotic than ever. He fought against Miguel Hidalgo, the priest and original leader of the independence movement, in Texas and distinguished himself in battle. Moreover, they have accused him of betraying the homeland for surrendering large swaths of territory to the United States.

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His army defeated Texan forces at the Alamo and Goliad before moving eastward to the San Jacinto River , where he was defeated and captured by Gen. In his letter, he stated that the disrespect of Travis led to the demise of all of his followers, which he claimed only took a couple of hours. During a short sojourn as a prisoner in Washington, he conferred with President Andrew Jackson and returned to Mexico in February They do not know what it is, unenlightened as they are, and under the influence of a Catholic clergy, a despotism is the proper government for them, but there is no reason why it should not be a wise and virtuous one. Santa Anna was elected president in He engaged the French at Veracruz. When Santa Anna's first attempt to storm the well fortified rebel position was repulsed, he declared victory and marched back to Mexico City. The Mexican Congress also rejected the treaty. On July 21, , he led a vigorous assault on the city. An opportunist willing to change allegiances for reasons of political expediency, Santa Anna personified caudillismo in Mexico in the decades following its independence from Spain. His family belonged to the criollo middle class, and his father served at one time as a subdelegate for the Spanish province of Veracruz. Attacked from the front and flank and back, the Mexican army was cut to pieces at Cerro Gordo.

His regime became a dictatorship backed by the military. The grateful rebels made him first a colonel and later a brigadier general. In his letter, he stated that the disrespect of Travis led to the demise of all of his followers, which he claimed only took a couple of hours.

This conflict is known as the Pastry War.

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Antonio López de Santa Anna, Time Mexican President