Commercial poultry farming business also ensure high return of investment within a very short period.
Poultry farming pdf
On an average the UK alone consumes more than 29 million chicken eggs everyday. For example, the use of antibiotics in feed was banned in Sweden in with no compensatory increase in antibiotic usage in other sectors of production, proving that a ban can be successfully administered without unintended impacts on other categories. A common practice among hatcheries for egg-laying hens is the culling of newly hatched male chicks since they do not lay eggs and do not grow fast enough to be profitable for meat. Poultry normally co- exist with considerable numbers of micro-organisms, insects, parasites, dirt, dust, faeces, all manner of filth and feedstuff among their feathers and on their skin. You can easily sell the products in your nearest local market. Unemployed educated youth can easily create a great income and employment opportunity for them by raising poultry commercially. Management A carefully controlled environment that avoids crowding, chilling, overheating, or frightening is almost universal in poultry farming. But the main difference is that, in organic farming methods the birds are not allowed for randomly using of in-feed or in-water medications, other food additives and synthetic amino acids.
Rough handling, crowded transport during various weather conditions and the failure of existing stunning systems to render the birds unconscious before slaughter, have also been cited as welfare concerns.
For free range poultry farming system select a suitable land which has the facilities of adequate drainage system, good ventilation, appropriate protection from prevailing winds, good protection from all types of predators and free from excessive cold, heat or dampness. Attention should be given to the cleanliness of the livestock handlers, their clothing and footwear.
This article treats the principles and practices of poultry farming. Start your free trial today for unlimited access to Britannica. Given the nature of the bird as described in the first paragraph, it is not difficult to see the consequences of birds flapping, touching and struggling in confined spaces in the likes of the reception and slaughter areas of the processing plants.
However, here I am shortly describing the main benefits of poultry farming. The consequences of carcases contaminated with micro-organisms on product quality and consumer health are well documented.
Poultry farming for beginners
Intensive poultry farming has some disadvantages too. Cooling by ice cold spray an alternative to cooling by slush ice would be uneconomical. Since this discovery, antibiotics have been routinely used in poultry production, but more recently have been the topic of debate secondary to the fear of bacterial antibiotic resistance. Attention is drawn below to the concept of cross contamination of poultry carcases by micro-organisms. For re-invigorating egg laying, the hens are force moulted in some countries. The skin protects the main body from microbial invasion but if this is damaged, it may lead to infection of the underlying tissues, organs and body as whole reducing the value of the carcase. These precautions should start at the producers premises where young birds are raised. For a discussion of the food value and processing of poultry products, see egg and poultry processing. For example, the Delivering Antimicrobial Transparency in Animals DATA Act proposed the enactment of policies to acquire more accurate documentation of antibiotic use in growth promotion by farmers, drug manufacturers, and the FDA. Some people says intensive system creates health risks, abuse the animals and harmful for environment. To keep her memory alive, Makokha decided to rear chicken from his garage so he would have enough birds to feed his family and sell others. It is very easy to care for the birds. Cannibalism, which expresses itself as toe picking, feather picking, and tail picking, is controlled by debeaking at one day of age and by other management practices.
More humane methods are low atmospheric pressure stunning and inert gas asphyxiation. Every cages can accommodate about 3 to 8 hens. The feeding, watering, egg gathering, and cleaning operations are highly mechanized.
In the past five months, he has collectedeggs. However, see the common raising systems which are mostly used for commercial broiler poultry farming. There are about 20 of these companies in the U.
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