Communicative functions of sentences

Declarative sentence

They even put the car on the ship for you. Interrogative[ edit ] An interrogative sentence asks a question and hence ends with a question mark. What can he possibly do to you! Repeat the last word, will you? To exemplify this, we can look at English and generalize that imperative sentences, when affirmative, tend to begin with the verb, while declarative sentences that are prosaic will almost always start with the subject this is because in the imperative, the subject is implied, or obviously unmistakable, since it is the subject itself which is being spoken to. We do not always act as we ought to. Dessverre husket hun ikke datoen. Wants help. But perhaps the most differentiating quality that distinguishes informative sentences from the communicative is that the former more naturally and freely make use of displacement. Another type of sentences is recognized in the theory of syntax, exclamatory sentence.

This is because although a declarative statement can state facts given that the speaker is not consciously lyingit can also express something which is not true. The vocative case of nouns can be said to indicate the imperative as well since it does not seek information, but rather a reaction from the one being addressed.

All that being taken into account, we can more clearly see why a statement such as, You are not going to that bar. Dessverre husket hun ikke datoen. The list goes on, and as a matter of fact, all 12 combinations between each of the four functions and their three other counterparts should be theoretically possible.

Imperative sentences express commands which convey the desire of the speaker to make someone, generally the listener, perform an action. Whose team has won the match? Sometimes the alternative contains only a negation: Will they ever stop arguing or not?

They many times feel like involuntary reactions to a situation, yet they can technically be stifled if need be. The imperative sentence expresses inducement, either affirmative or negative. Let us have some tea. No curtain.

sentence form definition
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Communicative Functions or Purposes of Communication