Although I am primarily concerned in this essay with the cave image and its educational implications, occasionally this will require a look at the sun and the line and other contiguous passages in the Republic. Having distinguished these realms earlier in the sun simile and said something about their relations in the divided line analogy, Plato now explicitly intimates that one can move from one realm to the other.
Jew fanatics. A glimpse of these later developments can be seen in the second half of Plato's Parmenides and in Aristotle's early Topics, probably written during his tenure at the Academy.
He uses the cave and the prisoners as an analogy to help make his argument more clear and understandable. Platos Allegory of the Cave. Plato's other similes for what the educator must do here include stretching and relaxing strings on a lyre D8-E2, Aforging iron A9-B2and feeding and starving C4-D5.
The first thing we need in order to jar the student's soul out of its complacency are experiences that call upon the intellect porakalein, A10that force the student to think in terms of intelligible forms anogkadzein, A6, C7. It is always recommended that you read the original text by Plato to reach the top grades.
This arrangement persisted well into the Renaissance, although in practice the teaching of mathematics and science was often an empty scholastic shell of its original Pythagorean-Platonic self.
Book III contained a wealth of information -- much of it garbled or incomplete -- about the quadrivium.
Using metaphors Socrates compares a prisoner in an underground cave who is exploring a new strange world he never knew of to people who are trying to find a position of knowledge in reality.
Plato himself insists that the cave image must be "applied" to the discussion that leads up to it Band he continues to draw out the implications of the cave image until quite late in Book VII see AD4.
It is therefore the "eye on the whole" which distinguishes the philosophical enterprise.