An analysis of the causes of the cold war between the communist and non communist nations

The ever-present threat of nuclear annihilation had a great impact on American domestic life as well. Kennedy wanted everything done secretly.

how long was the cold war

Because the Soviets did not want their plan to be detected by American surveillance planes, the human cargo was forced to stay beneath the deck during the heat of the day.

Kennedy warned of the Soviet's growing arsenal of intercontinental ballistic missiles and pledged to revitalize American nuclear forces.

After territorial adjustments, Germany was divided into four occupation zones with the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union each administering one.

Marines were used in Lebanon in NSC 68 added an international dimension to the concept of peace through political, economic, and military strength.

cold war combatants

Kennedy approved the operation and some 1, exiles landed at Cuba's Bay of Pigs on April In this period the Soviets unsuccessfully blockaded the Western-held sectors of West Berlin —49 ; the United States and its European allies formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATOa unified military command to resist the Soviet presence in Europe ; the Soviets exploded their first atomic warheadthus ending the American monopoly on the atomic bomb; the Chinese communists came to power in mainland China ; and the Soviet-supported communist government of North Korea invaded U.

There were several reasons why America did not act in Hungary: The United States asked Austria for freedom of passage to get to Hungary, but Vienna refused transit by land or even use of its air space.

In the late s, both the United States and the Soviet Union were developing intercontinental ballistic missiles.

What was the cold war

Stalin made promises during the war about the freedom of eastern Europe on which he blatantly reneged. In return, the United States awarded the Soviets territorial concessions from Japan and special rights in Chinese Manchuria. The Nixon Doctrine contained three parts: The United States would honor existing treaty commitments; It would provide a nuclear shield to any ally or nation vital to U. The foreign policy of the Carter administration failed not for lack of good intentions but for lack of realism about the nature of traditional versus revolutionary autocracies and the relation of each to the American national interest. The Cold War was over. On October 22, , five thousand students crammed into a hall in Budapest and approved a manifesto that, among other things, called for the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Hungary, free elections, freedom of association, and economic reform. In the sixth section, NSC contrasts U. LeMay explained that he was completely in the dark and needed more information before he would hazard a guess. The Russians duly removed their bases from Cuba and as agreed US missiles were quietly removed from Turkey some months later. The signing of the Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty followed in , which banned aboveground nuclear weapons testing. It was an intricate plan that depended on every phase working perfectly. Just one day before the planned invasion, he finally learned some of the basics of the plan. France, England, and the United States administered sectors of the city of Berlin, deep inside communist East Germany.

The Cold War had solidified by —48, when U. The international situation, he said, was at a critical juncture. Gilpatric responded with a shrug.

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